What is the one thing that all software products have in common? You guessed it—it’s software testing!
Irrespective of programming languages, development platforms, databases, and devices, no product or application has ever been created without software testing. It is recognized as the most important step in the Software Testing Life Cycle.
With millions of software applications being developed today, and each application having its own requirements, the amount of testing that is required is humungous! How do software testers handle this load? The answer is Software Testing Tools.
There are separate testing tools for every requirement and purpose. So the specific tool to be used is the choice every tester needs to make according to the planned testing activities. Let’s examine some of the most popular software testing tools now.
Broadly speaking, software testing tools can be categorized as Static and Dynamic depending on the testing processes being used.
Static Test Tools adopt a fixed or static approach to analyze such parameters as the data flow, code path, code consistency, code coverage, and interfacing. They do not really get into the input/output or real execution of the program.
Dynamic Test Tools on the other hand use test drivers to provide input data, test beds to examine source code, test emulators to mimic software components, and mutation analyzers to check tolerance to errors.
Automated Testing Tools
Automated Testing tool is one of the most useful tools in the testers’ arsenal, and enables them to run repetitive, data-intensive tests automatically, thus greatly reducing the workload of the testing teams. Some of the popular Automated Testing Tools are:
Selenium is one of the most widely used for web applications due to its capability to automate browsers. Its powerful capabilities make it ideal for automated testing of web-based apps. It provides a portable framework and a playback tool for authoring functional tests without requiring testers to learn a test scripting language. Beyond testing, it can be used for automating web-based administration tasks too.
Telerik Test Studio
Telerik Test Studio is an easy-to-learn, automated testing tool used for web and desktop functional testing, performance testing, load testing, and mobile applications. It has a plugin for Visual Studio and offers “mixed element detection” to increase stability and reliability of testing while reducing maintenance demands.
Robotium is an Android-based testing framework that supports both native and hybrid applications. It enables test case developers to quickly create scenarios for Functional, System, and User Acceptance Testing. Smooth integration with build automation tools like Gradle, Maven, or Ant further enhances its automation capabilities.
Visual Studio Test Professional
It is the most complete testing tool kit for Microsoft-based desktop, mobile, tablet, and web/cloud platforms. With integrated test case management, manual and exploratory testing tools, it is designed to streamline quality and facilitate continuous delivery. As an added bonus, subscribers gain access to a variety of Microsoft tools and software.
TestComplete is an Automated Functional Testing Tool, designed to simplify UI tests for desktop, mobile, and web applications. It gives testers the capability to develop tests for Microsoft Windows, Android, iOS, and web-based applications. It is highly scalable and uses an AI-powered object recognition engine with the flexibility for both script and scriptless testing.
Unified Functional Testing, formerly known as Quick Test Professional, is an Automated Functional and Regression Testing Tool that can be used to identify defects in software applications. With support for VB scripts as well as an easy-to-use GUI, it is suitable for enterprise QA initiatives.
Agile Testing Tools
While developers everywhere have adopted Agile methodologies, testers have lagged to some extent in keeping pace. It’s not for lack of Agile Testing Tools, however, and there are a multitude of choices for testers to manage testing sessions and create/submit bug reports.
It can be integrated with project management and bug tracking tools such as JIRA to create and submit bug reports, take screenshots, and add contextual information to the reports.
This one too can be integrated with several bug tracking software as well as customized applications. It enables testers to create/submit reports, send emails, and use Command Line Interfaces.
It essentially provides screen capture functionalities along with annotations, as well as the capability to provide instructions for bug reproduction and to submit bug reports to a variety of bug tracking software.
Yet another popular screenshot capturing tool, Snagit is popular because of its powerful editing, annotation, and sharing features. It too allows testers to submit bug reports to various bug tracking software.
Mobile Testing Tools
If there’s any industry that’s booming way ahead of the rest, it’s the mobile industry! Literally millions of apps are developed every month and needless to add, Mobile Testing Tools have to keep pace. Finding the right tool is essential for successful testing and needs you to evaluate capabilities to support a variety of scripting languages, operating systems, scriptless testing, as well as Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery.
Once again, TestComplete makes it to our list, this time as a Mobile Testing Tool of choice. It enables testers to develop and refine test scripts with ease across desktop, mobile, and web platforms, resulting in top-notch products. It saves time with its “record once, use anywhere “ keyword-based test scripts. It has AI-driven visual recognition capabilities and provides real-time, single-window updates on your testing progress. Pretty impressive, huh?
Kobiton is more of a seamless “mobile experience” platform with instant, enterprise-wide access to multiple devices on demand. Works with both iOS and Android, so take your pick! It enables centralized logging, cloud access, real device access, and actionable insights. Sounds good!
It is a framework to enable automated mobile testing with zero coding skills. How cool is that? Calabash too works with both iOS and Android, so that’s one thing going for it. Extremely easy to understand—even by non-technical folks—it allows programmatic interaction between test code and native/hybrid apps through libraries. Last but not the least, being open source, it’s free and unbeatable on price!
Appium is another free, automated testing tool for anything related to mobile. It works across a variety of Linux flavours as well as Mac and Windows. It can be used as a single-window solution for native, hybrid, or web applications. It’s easy to set up and can be integrated with an array of frameworks and tools.
A cloud-based Mobile Testing Tool, Testdroid is designed for speed and cost-efficiency. It specializes in mobile game testing on both Android and iOS platforms with real device access to hundreds of devices.
Load Testing Tools
Like the proof of a pudding is in eating, the proof of an application is in performance! The main things to watch out for are speed, reliability, stability, and scalability. What Load Testing Tools can deliver results? Check out our list!
Need to perform a performance test? Just load up Apache JMeter and you’re good to go. It’s a pure Java-based tool that is mainly designed for Load Testing, though it can be used for Functional Testing as well. Part of the Apache project, it can be used to analyze and measure the performance of web applications and various other services too.
As the name suggests, WebLOAD is designed for Load Testing, Performance Testing, and Stress Testing of web applications. It combines performance, scalability, and integrity tests within a single process and is used to analyze complex systems and pinpoint issues. It supports a multitude of web protocols and enterprise applications and offers out-of-the-box integration with Jenkins and Selenium, among others, to enable CI/CD in a DevOps environment.
One of the simple and cost-effective Load Testing Tools available on the market, it facilitates realistic testing of web-based applications by simulating real-time loads using virtual users. It enables testers to evaluate the performance, scalability, and robustness of web servers under extremely high loads and provides detailed insights as well.
It enables testing teams to avoid the laborious tasks of test coverage without compromising on the end result. You can quickly create scriptless tests with real browsers at scale and gain actionable insights within a very short time—true Ninja performance! It enables testers to identify client interactions and offers real-time debugging features.
Cross–Browser Testing Tools
Appropriately created as a website itself, CrossBrowserTesting.com enables testing of websites across more than 2000 desktop and mobile browsers. It is designed as web service for running functional and unit web tests on real mobile and desktop web browsers. It allows access to nearly the entire application through its REST API and enables single/parallel screenshots and Regression Testing. It is one of the fastest-growing cloud testing platforms with over 5 million test runs.
LambdaTest is designed for cloud-based, cross-browser testing of web applications and websites. Like CrossBrowserTesting.com, it too offers testing across more than 2000 browsers. It allows the execution of responsive tests, remote testing via SSH, and single-click bug reporting.
It is widely used for its capability to perform tests on any browser or operating system, compatibility testing, and flexible customizations based on browser, OS, screen size, color depth, script settings, and so on. Testing on Browsershots is as simple as keying in the website URL and selecting test parameters. Couldn’t get simpler!
Yet another Testing Tool to offer testing on more than 2000 real devices and browsers, Browser Stack offers a seamless and user-friendly experience with no setup or maintenance requirements.
Test Management Tools
With the increasing variety and complexity of testing types and tools, Test Management Tools are a blessing for testers. They enable you to manage automated and manual tests according to predefined procedures, and there are quite a few around.
Ranked among the leading Test Management Tools, qTest provides simplicity, speed, scalability, and seamless integration with other automation tools, all in one package. It offers requirements management, test execution, defect tracking, reporting, and integration, making the entire QA process faster.
Zephyr is a fast-growing, scalable, end-to-end Test Management Tool with a huge customer and user base worldwide. It is known for being DevOps ready and ideal for Continuous Integration requirements.
Test Collab combines simplicity and speed with deeply insightful intelligence reports and trends, heatmaps, and failure rate analysis. It offers time tracking, agile processes, requirements management, and test planning, and can be easily integrated with leading bug trackers and automated testing tools.
TestRail enables testers to quickly capture test case details through screenshots along with expected behaviour details. Its dashboard allows you to track individual tests, view reports, and compare results across runs. It is highly customizable and can be integrated with various popular defect tracking and collaboration solutions.
There are quite a few Software Testing Tools out there. Some are free whereas others are quite pricey. There is a specific purpose for each tool and while the variety of choices can make the selection a difficult task, the success of testing ultimately depends a lot on carefully selecting the right one.