Automation testing provides great results because of its increased test coverage. Manual testing is only known to cover a few devices and operating systems, while automated testing covers even more. While you cannot expect test automation to perform all the tasks done by a tester, automated testing is still the best option out there.
Before we talk about the differences between QTP/UFT, Selenium, and Cucumber, let us have a quick introduction of all of these.
It is an automated functional testing tool by Micro Focus that identifies bugs in applications that are under testing through automated tests. UFT stands for Unified Functional Testing and was earlier known as QTP (QuickTest Professional). UFT has been renamed as UFT One.
With the help of UFT, you can automate user actions on a web or client-based applications to test and identify bugs on the same actions for different users, different data sets, and so on. It is mainly used for regression, functional, and service testing.
It is an open-source tool which automates web browsers. Selenium allows you to write test scripts in programming languages such as Ruby, Java, PHP, Perl, Python, C##, and many others. The tool enables recording and playback for testing web applications and lets you run multiple scripts across a variety of browsers.
Cucumber is a testing tool that supports the Behaviour Driven Development (BDD) approach. It offers a method to write tests in a way that anybody can understand, even if they are not technically proficient. Test scenarios are written by business analysts or product owners, wherein the behavior of the system is described from the POV of the users. It is given for review and sign-off by the product owners before developers can write the codes. Cucumber uses Ruby language. The best part about Cucumber is that it involves business stakeholders who cannot understand code.
QTP/UFT– Net, SAP, Web, Java (Core and Advanced), Stingray 1, Terminal Emulator, Powerbuilder, Windows Mobile, Oracle, Siebel, PeopleSoft, Delphi, Flex,, Web Services, VisualAge Smalltalk, WPF, Silverlight and more.
Cucumber– Java, Scala, Ruby, Groovy.
QTP/UFT supports the following browsers- IE 6,7,8,9,10,11 Edge, and Chromium Edge. Firefox 54-82, Google Chrome till version 86, Safari on Mac OS v11-v14.
Selenium– Google Chrome 12+, Internet Explorer 7,8,9,10, Safari 5.1+, Opera 11.5, Firefox 3+, Windows, Mac, Linux/Unix.
Cucumber- It does not provide built-in browser automation, although it does work well with Selenium and WATiR-WebDriver.
QTP/UFT: They are slower compared to Cucumber and Selenium
Selenium: Plugins are slower than Cucumber.
Cucumber: Plugins work the fastest here.
There is a free trial version that you can use for 30 days, after which there are two plans that you can choose. The Runtime Engine plan is available at $2,300 for an annual license. UFT One, the next plan, costs $3,200.
Selenium is an open-source tool.
There is a free 14-day trial period. The other two plans available are Starter and Cloud which are priced at $28/month and $30.50/month respectively when billed annually. They also have an enterprise plan where you can get a customized solution.
QTP/UFT: Supports both web-based and mobile applications
Selenium: It supports only web applications
Cucumber: Only web application support is available.
QTP/UFT: It automates your functional and regression testing.
Selenium: It is used for API, Functional, Regression, Performance Testing, and UI.
Cucumber: It is used for story testing.
QTP/UFT: It offers extremely good technical support.
Selenium: There is no official support available since it is an open-source tool. There is a community of users from where you can get regular upgrades and updates.
Cucumber: They offer a great support service, and there is a community to cater to your requests as well.
The right tool among the three depends on what you want because each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. The QTP/UFT vs Selenium vs Cucumber question pops up in the testing circles often because there is no right answer. We hope that this article offers you a basic understanding of the differences between the three. You can use the above information as the foundation to conduct your own research to find the right testing tool.
Zuci offers all kinds of testing services, starting from functional testing to agile testing. If you are building a software product and are looking for the right kind of support so that you can release a product that satisfies your engineering curiosity while also meeting the requirements of your target audience, we are more than happy to make that happen. Get on a call with Zuci’s testing experts to see how exactly we could be of help.