EarlGrey is a specialized iOS native app testing framework, focusing on automation testing of the app’s user interface. It seamlessly integrates with the XCUITest framework and requires test scripts to be written in Objective-C or Swift.
- EarlGrey is a white box testing tool, allowing tests to query the application directly.
- It offers automatic synchronization with UI, network requests, and system queues. Additionally, it provides synchronization control APIs for managing synchronization behavior, enhancing test stability.
- It uses screenshot comparison to make sure that UI elements are visible before it interacts with them, ensuring that users can see and interact with the UI being tested.
- It provides realistic user interactions, like taps and swipes, by checking if elements are genuinely visible. This helps uncover and address user-facing issues in the app.
- It ensures the stability of UI components before conducting tests, resulting in highly reliable tests.
- EarlGrey can be directly utilized within Xcode, making it easier for developers and testers to create, run, and manage UI tests.
Citrus is a unique automation framework designed for testing APIs and communication channels. It offers seamless integration with various messaging protocols and data formats, making it an essential choice for communication testing in projects involving HTTP, REST, or JMS.
- Citrus offers versatile message-based testing capabilities with extensive control over test flow and protocol support.
- The framework has comprehensive test management and integration capabilities, from test grouping and parallel execution to IDE and build lifecycle support.
- Helps to create clear and easily maintained tests in human-readable XML format with environment separation for effective testing.
- Provides built-in features to validate data existence, simulate database content, execute queries and readable tests.
- It has human-readable tests in XML format, ensuring that your tests are easily comprehensible and manageable.
Robotium, the go-to Android Test Automation framework, simplifies UI automation scripting for both native and hybrid Android apps. Its capabilities extend to functional, system, and user acceptance testing, making it a comprehensive test automation framework choice for Android app development.
- Enables the creation of robust test cases even with limited knowledge about the tested application.
- Provides APIs for direct interaction with Android app UI controls like EditText, TextView, and Button.
- It seamlessly integrates with both Maven and Ant, simplifying the inclusion of Robotium in your project’s build automation.
- It is compatible with various code coverage measurement tools like Cobertura and Emma.
- Robotium test cases are notably more readable when compared to typical instrumentation tests.
Serenity, or Serenity BDD, is an open-source library for writing comprehensive regression and acceptance tests. It’s primarily Java-based but extends its reach with SerenityJS, catering to the preferences of front-end developers, making it a top choice among test automation frameworks.
- Serenity makes testing easier by harnessing the capabilities of existing frameworks and includes native support for web testing with Selenium.
- It leverages RestAssured for REST API testing, while the Screenplay pattern enhances test maintainability.
- Serenity comes with a lot of in-built integrations.
- It facilitates parallel execution of tests.
- The framework provides in-depth reports, which includes detailed insights and analysis of test results and execution.
Best Test Automation Framework Practices
If you are down to select an apt test automation framework for your project, and not sure what to look in for, happy to be your guide. I’ve compiled a list which might help you to pick out the right test automation framework that perfectly fits your project.
1. Modularity and Reusability
Software applications continually evolve to meet changing demands and updates. By utilizing reusable modules across test cases, scenarios, and new projects, time is saved, redundancy is reduced, and code updates are simplified. This minimizes the risk of defects, ensures consistency, and mitigates errors arising from duplicated code.
2. Test Data Management
Conducting test scenarios often necessitates specific sets of data, such as testing the login functionality of a webpage. While the focus of testing is on assessing the functionality of a given task, the test automation framework plays a crucial role in this process.
The test automation framework is responsible for ensuring that the required data is readily available to simulate realistic scenarios. Additionally, it must guarantee the consistent reproducibility of test scenarios. In some cases, data isolation may be necessary for privacy and security reasons.
It is the responsibility of the test automation framework to manage data masking and obfuscation techniques, safeguarding privacy and ensuring compliance with data protection regulations.
3. Continuous Integration
In the fast-paced software market, every second counts. Continuous Integration (CI) is an essential practice that should be a fundamental part of your test automation framework. CI involves the automatic integration of code changes into a shared repository, coupled with the execution of automated tests. This early testing helps in detecting defects and issues as soon as they are introduced.
As a chain reaction, CI accelerates the feedback loop and upholds code quality by adhering to established standards and regulations. Consequently, it enables the swift and reliable release of software products onto the market.
4. Framework Extensibility
It’s always safe to leave room for future advancement because we are talking about the software market, where everything needs to be perfect for our customers. If your test automation framework is extensible, the easier it is to add on specific needs of your organization. It can be custom libraries, integrations, or plugins to address unique testing challenges.
Extensibility future-proofs your testing infrastructure. It ensures that your framework can evolve along with the changing demands of your projects and the industry as a whole.
5. Test Environment Management
Test Environment Management is a critical component of a test automation framework as it ensures that tests are conducted under known and controlled conditions, minimizing unexpected variables that could lead to inaccurate test results.
In scenarios where multiple test environments are necessary, effective management allows tests to run in parallel in different environments. Additionally, the capacity to rapidly create, clone, or scale test environments becomes indispensable as testing requirements expand.
6. Scalability and Performance
As a software project evolves, the number of test cases often grows. A scalable framework can accommodate the increasing volume of test cases without a significant increase in maintenance effort. It ensures that testing can continue efficiently as the application becomes more complex.
Wondering how to build a scalable framework? Hear from our SDET Manager.
Well, adding performance testing tools in test automation framework makes your software product more predictable in respect to foreseeing bottleneck issues and optimizes application performance under various circumstances.
7. Error Handling and Reporting
In test automation, it’s not just about presenting results; it’s about how we handle errors. A well-structured error handling system keeps tests running while gathering detailed error data. This helps testers and developers quickly pinpoint issues and expedite troubleshooting.
So, what can a framework offer? Flexibility lets testers define custom actions for specific errors, whether it’s refreshing a page, re-logging in, or gracefully moving to the next test case, depending on the error context.
Test automation frameworks play a crucial role in enhancing the dependability and consistency of test scripts. They offer a range of types and approaches that can be tailored to suit the requirements of diverse projects. But the best practices remain constant for any framework you choose, because they are fundamental and make your framework effective for business requirements.
Not sure how to effectively strategize your testing? Be our guest to talk to our testing experts and learn where you can leverage automation.