In this article, we compare the most popular mobile application frameworks- React Native, Flutter, and Angular. If you want to develop apps quickly, which you sure want, you need to choose the right framework. You want to use a framework that provides you with the fastest time-to-market. One that is stable, user-friendly and has all the features that you are looking for.
Let us look at each of these technologies individually.
Introduction to React Native:
Instagram, Facebook, Pinterest, Tesla, Skype, etc are some of the most widely-known applications made from React Native.
Interesting statistics on React Native:
Advantages of using React Native:
#1 Maximum code reuse: With React Native, you can use the same code to deploy in both iOS and Android. It not only reduces the development effort by a huge margin, but also reduces the cost.
#2 Live reload: It has an interesting feature that even native frameworks do not have, it is the live reload feature. In this, you can immediately see the results of changes that you have made to the code.
#3 Modular architecture: Thanks to modular programming, the program functions can be divided into interchangeable free blocks called modules. These modules provide flexible development and build better cooperation between each of them to receive updates.
#4 Strong performance: The React Native architecture bodes well for mobile devices. It leverages the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU), while the native platforms make use of the Central Processing Unit (CPU).
#5 Helpful community: Created by Facebook, it is ably supported by developers around the world. When you are part of such a big community, there will be a lot of JS and native developers who will be more than happy to share their expertise, not to mention the fact that there is a huge catalog of components that are freely available.
Disadvantages of using React Native:
#1 Lacks robust security features: Since it is an open-source framework, there are questions about its security. If you are creating apps for industries where security is of prime importance, then you are better advised not to use React Native. Otherwise, you need to provide extra security.
#3 Compatibility and debugging issues: When using React Native, you might come across issues relating to package compatibility or debugging tools. Your developers need to be extremely skillful at React Native for these issues not to negatively impact your development.
#4 Complex UI: For apps that need complex gestures, animations, screen transitions, or anything that requires many interactions, React Native shouldn’t be your first choice. Developers will struggle with screens that have complicated gestures even though React Native has a gesture responder system.
Introduction to Angular:
In Angular, you can test and debug a complete project with the help of a single tool like Jasmine, Karma, or Protractor. When dealing with complex and dynamic applications, AngularJS is only known for its moderate performance. Even though React and Flutter apps perform better than Angular apps of the same size, some new versions of the same are faster in comparison with React.
Google, Upwork, HBO, YouTube, Intel, IBM, General Motors and Microsoft Office are some of the websites that have been created with the help of Angular.
Interesting statistics on Angular:
- There are almost a million companies which use Angular
- It has more than 1,300+ contributors on GitHub
- Angular plans major updates every six months
Advantages of using Angular:
#1 Consistency: Unlike React, Angular is a full-fledged responsive web design framework that makes it possible to create consistency throughout the codebase. The Angular team has developed a CLI tool that can be helpful in creating certain repeatable blocks of code from the command line.
#2 Modular development structure: Since Angular is modular in nature, developers can divide code into modules. It reduces the development time and cost by a huge margin since it allows for easy organization of the app’s functionality and the creation of reusable chunks of code.
#3 Maintainability: Angular supports code maintainability in many ways. When you move from one version to another, the Angular packages are also updated at the same time. Updating is possible with a single command.
#4 TypeScript: Since Angular is built with TypeScript, it helps developers keep their code clean and understandable. Debugging becomes easy and so is it to maintain a large database.
Disadvantages of using Angular:
#1 Limited SEO options: Angular has limited SEO options which makes it difficult to build an application which is easy for search engines to crawl.
#2 Steep learning curve: It has a complex web of modules, integrations, customization abilities, and coding languages, all of which contributes to Angular being difficult to learn.
#3 Not compatible for all projects: You need to be working on a project that is appropriate in terms of size and complexity for it to be successful when working on Angular.
#4 Heavy weighted framework: There are too many abstractions and features on the framework which makes it bloated, especially when you compare it with light-weight architecture like React.
Introduction to Flutter:
Flutter is a cross-platform app development framework that offers developers an easy way to build and deploy visually attractive mobile applications that are natively compiled. All of this is done using a single codebase.
It is useful to build high-quality Progressive Web Apps (PWA) which are integrated with a user’s environment, it includes offline support, installation and UX. Flutter is also useful if you are building single-page applications. It provides a web-based delivery model for existing Flutter mobile apps.
Based on Dart, an object-oriented programming language, Flutter provides its own widgets, which are drawn from its own high-performance rendering engine.
Some of the most popular apps made with Flutter are: Google Ads app, Groupon, eBay Motors app, Reflecty, and many more.
Interesting statistics about Flutter:
Advantages of using Flutter:
#1 Reduced code development time: Flutter has a ‘hot reload’ feature which allows you to see the applied changes immediately, which makes it faster. There are a lot of ready-to-use widgets which are extremely customizable.
#2 Faster go-to-market speed: Since you don’t have to write platform-specific code, it is quicker than the other alternatives present. You can implement any 2D-based UI without even having to interact with a native application counterpart.
#3 Community support: Google supports Flutter developers with frequent updates and fixes issues. The app’s community has also been growing in strength. There are a lot of experts who are ready to share their knowledge which makes it easy for newbies to figure out the framework.
#4 Similar to native app development: The rendering of the Flutter software happens using an internal graphics engine called Skia. It allows for faster development than the other mobile frameworks. Flutter doesn’t rely on any intermediate code representations or interpretation which makes it indistinguishable from the native apps.
#5 Helps attract investors: When you go to an investor seeking financial support, they would want to see a working model of your product or an MVP (Minimum Viable Product). The MVP that you build on Flutter is compatible across all the platforms and will provide you a high-quality experience.
Disadvantages of using Flutter:
#1 It is a young technology: When you are using a new technology, there is always the chance that it will pivot into something that you don’t want. It is only a rare possibility though.
#2 New iOS/Android features may be introduced later: The updates rolled out by iOS/Android will usually be introduced in their native SDKs.
#3 Getting the platform specific feel: Even though Flutter will let you run a high performance app on both iOS and Android, it might not be completely possible to get the platform specific feel. That is something which traditionalists might have trouble accepting.
Still unable to decide which framework to finally go ahead with? Give a listen to Clarence Fernando, Senior Digital Engineering Manager at Zuci Systems, sharing some quick insights on both the cross-platform development languages in the video below.
Which one is the best for 2023: React or Angular or Flutter?
We believe that this article would have helped you with choosing the right mobile framework for building apps. Each of them have its own advantages and disadvantages, so the end decision that you take should be based on your business requirements. Even though we have listed out major differences between each of these three, all of them have powerful features which can help you build brilliant mobile applications.
If you would like help with mobile application development and not want to worry about which mobile application framework to choose, Zuci is here to help you. Our flexible and modern mobile application development process is based on years of experience with which we have created processes that help us always get it right. Partner with us for your mobile application development needs and see the results for yourself.